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Brian Tobey


Intro Photography Basics

Photography Basics

Learn How to Control Your Camera


New to digital photography?

Read this first. From choosing a camera to basic techniques. This introduction provides what you need to get started, and most importantly, what you don't need!

Composition

Composition

Eliminate Distracting Elements


Much like music, composing in photography is about understanding image boundaries and how objects complement or takeaway from the image. Good composition eleminates discractions and puts focus on important elements. Be aware of your surroundings. Include items that tell the story and exclude items that don't!

Color Saturation

Lighting

Lighting is Everything


Lighting is what creates a photograph. Lighting is everything in photography. It can place emphasis on a subject, detail texture, smooth skin tones, affect colors, manipulate shadows, etc. Read more on why it's so important!

Composition

Distortion

Disadvantages & Advantages


Distortion is the deviation in the ability of a lens to produce a rectilinear projection. This means if distortion is present, straight lines in a scene become curved in the resulting photo. It is not typically desirable. Besides fisheyes, most lenses are made to have minimal distortion.

Composition

Perspective

Pleasing Perspectives


Perspective can often be misunderstood. Although the perspective of an image is determined by the focal length of a lens, it has other effects on an image besides field of view. Perspective affects how objects are percieved, both in relative size and relative distance.

White Balance

White Balance

The Gateway to Great Color


White Balance is extremely important. Today's cameras do a great job at it in most lighting conditions. White Balance adjusts the overall mixture of color. It can be adjusted for different lighting conditions such as indoor incandescent or outdoor lighting. It can be used to maximize color or creatively to emphasize sunsets.




Nikon Camera Suggestions

Camera Suggestions

From Begginners to Professional


From the Iphone to the most professional cameras, depending on your needs I recommend a variety of cameras. Although I focus on Nikon cameras, other camera manufacturers are just as good. The camera has less to do with photography than you think!

Nikon Lens Suggestions

Lens Suggestions

Coming Soon...


Lenses are some of the most important peices of equipment in photography. Different lenses provide different creativity outlets to explore. Lenses are the most fun to buy and usually don't depreciate in price like cameras! Read more to see the Nikon lenses I recommend!

Nikon Speedlight Flash

Nikon Flash

Nikon Speedlight Flash Guide


Nikon makes a variety of flashes called "speedlights". They are battery operated and very portable. Learn how and when to use flash. Flashes can be used both on camera and off camera to control shadows, improve light, emphasize subjects or elements in photography.

Understanding ISO

What is ISO?


ISO is the sensitivity of a camera's digital sensor. Higher ISOs increase sensitivity and allow for faster shutter speeds, reducing likelihood of motion blur. Recently ISO has become a marketing pitch by camera manufacturers. However, ISO can be measured as a signal to noise ratio (SNR) to determine true performance.

Sunstarts

Sunstars

How to Produce Great Sunstars


Sunstars are produced at bright point sources of light like the sun. Sunstars vary from lens to lens and their shapes are determined by the lens diagphram. Straight bladed diagphrams usually produce more distinguished sunstars. Read more to learn how to make brilliant sunstars!

Autofocus AF

Autofocus

Ensure Accurate Autofocus


Most cameras today do not have autofocus issues. However, when using a shallow depth of field, autofocus becomes more critical. Nikon does a great job at autofocus accuracy but often makes trade-offs for autofocus speed. Read more to better understand the nuisances of autofocus and how to adjust for inaccuracies.

Autofocus Assist Illumination

Autofocus Assist Lamp

Maximizing Autofocus in Low Light


Most cameras today do not have autofocus issues. However, when using a shallow depth of field, autofocus becomes more critical. Nikon does a great job at autofocus accuracy but often makes trade-offs for autofocus speed. Read more to better understand the nuisances of autofocus and how to adjust for inaccuracies.

Bokeh Blur

Bokeh (Lens Blur)

The Quality of Out of Focus Blur


When using a shallow depth of field, areas of a photo may be intentionally out of focus or blurred. Backgrounds can commonly be blurred to put emphasis on a subject and eliminate distracting backgrounds. Bokeh is the quality of blur or the out of focus regions.

Nikon FX DX CX

Sensor Format Size

FX vs DX vs CX


Sensors vary in size. FX is Nikon's larger sensor size, equivalent to 35mm film size. DX is smaller, roughly 25mm, horizontal. Smaller sensors provide greater reach, which can be useful in long telephoto lenses, while larger sensors provide better light collection for unprecedented low-light photography.

Vibration Reduction (VR)

Vibration Reduction

Coming Soon...


VR is an incredible technology. It can make or break a shot. However VR is very limited in use, and sometimes faster primes are preffered. VR can allow you to carry less and leave the tripod at home!




Color Saturation

Color Saturation

Enhancing Photographs with Color


Rich color is a great way to make images pop. However it does not come without side effects. Knowing how to use saturation, vibrance, white-balance and the historgram will lead to powerful color enhancements and make your photos stand out!

Color Saturation

Color Saturation

Enhancing Photographs with Color


Rich color is a great way to make images pop. However it does not come without side effects. Knowing how to use saturation, vibrance, white-balance and the historgram will lead to powerful color enhancements and make your photos stand out!

Adobe Lightroom

Coming Soon...


Adobe Lightroom is a great tool for sorting, editing, and archiving photos. It can import and manipulate most popular camera RAW formats providing greater flexibility when post processing. It's ability to organize photo albums, sequences, or events make it a very powerful tool. I recommend it before purchasing Photoshop.

Adobe Photoshop

Coming Soon...


Adobe Photoshop is a powerful photo editor. It is the ultimate editing tool for photo masterpeices. Unlike lightroom, it lacks a good workflow solution for editing large photo sets. However, its editing and custom algorithm capability is unsurpassed compared to any other software tool, providing full processing control.





Color Saturation

Install SSD iMac

How-To Install SSD into 2011 iMac


Need more data performance out of your iMac? This tutorial describes how to install an SSD drive which takes advantage of the new SATA-III ports on the 2011 iMac. Prior experience with electronics is required.



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